Servlet API in Java - Javastudypoint

Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Servlet API in Java

Servlet uses classes and interfaces from two packages: javax.servlet and javax.servlet.http.They constitute servlet API. Keep in mind that these packages are not part of the Core java packages. Instead, they are a standard extension. Therefore, they are not included in the Java software development kit. you must download tomcat to obtain their functionality

Every Servlets must implement the javax.servlet.Servlet interface.Most servlet implements this interface by extending one of two special classes
javax.servlet.GenericServlet or javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.

A GenericServlet class provides the implementation of the basic life cycle method of the servlet. The service() method of GenericServlet class accepts two parameters: a request object and a response object. The request object is used to read the data from a client request and response object is used to write data to a client request.

In contrast, an HTTP servlet usually does not override the service() method
Instead, it override doGet() method to handle the GET request and doPost() method to handle the post requests. An HTTP servlet can override either or both of these methods, depending on the type of requests it needs to handle. An HTTP servlet can override doPut() and doDelete() methods to handle PUT and DELETE requests respectively.However,HTTP servlet generally don't touch doTrace() or doOption().


The ServletRequest and ServletResponse classes in javax.servlet is used to read the data from a client request and write the data to a client response, While HttpServletRequest and HttpServletResponse in javax.Servlet.http package also contains an HttpSession class that provide built-in session tracking functionality and a cookie class that allows you to quickly set up and process HTTP cookies.


Interfaces in javax.servlet package: 

1. servlet 
2. servletRequest 
3. servletResponse 
4. servletConfig 
5. servletContent 
6. servletThreadModel. 
7. RequestDispatcher 
8. Filter 
9. Filterchain 
10. FilterConfig.       

Classes in javax.servlet package:

1. GenericServlet
2. ServletInputStream
3. ServletOutputStream
4. servletRequestWrapper
5. servletResponseWrapper
6. ServletException 
7. unavailabale Exception
8. ServletRequestEvent
9. servletContentEvent
10. servletRequestAttributeEvent

Interfaces in javax.servlet.http package: 

1. HttpServletRequest
2. HttpServletResponse
3. HttpSession
4. HttpSessionContext
5. HttpSessionAttributeLIstner
6. HttpSessionActivationListner 
7. HttpSessionBindingListner

Classes in javax.servlet.http package: 

1. HttpServlet
2. cookie
3. HttpServletRequestWrapper HttpServletResponseWrapper
4. HttpSessionEvent
5. HttpSessionBindingEvent
6. Httputils.




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